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Magnesium see also Acid Reflux Disease caused by low Magnesium

Magnesium is a very important mineral that is often deficient in our bodies. The chart below is from non scientific reports but is supported by the scientific reports below. Particularily I have sought to find scientific proof that magnesium is related to treating strokes. See the scientific reports 4-8 below for substantual indications that low magnesium results in more damage during a stroke and adding magnesium after a stroke may improve recovery. Magnesium levels relating to diabetes seems to be scientifically proven thus using magnesium to lesson diabetes especially for type II diabetics is well supported in the scientific community.

Richest Sources Of Magnesium

Swiss chard
Spinach
Pumpkin seeds
Green beans
Sunflower seeds
Sesame seeds
Legumes such as black beans

List of possible symptoms from a deficiency of Magnesium

Acid Reflux
Absorption of Minerals 2
Activation of Enzymes 2
Aggressive Behavior 1
Accelerated Aging 1
Adrenal Function 1
Aggressive Behavior 1
Angina Pectoris 1
Anxiety 1
Asthma 1,2
Attention Deficit Disorder 1
Back Pain 1,2
Bladder Control 2
Bone health 2
Bone Alignment 1
Chest Pains and a feeling of being Suffocated 1
Chronic Fatigue 1,2
Cluster Headaches 1
Collagen Production 2
Confusion 1
Constipation 1,2
Cramps 2
Depression 1
Diabetes 1,2
Fatigue 1
Exhausted from Physical Work or Exercise 1
Fading Memory, Senility 1
Fibromyalgia 1
Heart Attack 1,2
Heart Condition 1
Hiccups 1
High Blood Pressure 1,2
High-strung, Jittery 1
Hyperactivity 1
Insomnia or Restless Sleep 1
Irregular Heartbeat 1
Jump at Sudden Sounds 1
Kidney Stones 1
Leg Cramps 1
Migraine Headaches 1,2
Muscle Cramps 1
Muscle Spasms or Quivers 1
Muscle Tics or Twitches 1
Muscle Weakness 1
Nervousness 1
Osteoporosis 1,2
Prevention of eclamptic seizures 2
PMS 1
Psychiatric Disorders 2
Pregnancy-related Symptoms 1,2
Regulation of Other nutrients 2
Regulates Sugar Levels 2
Seizures 1
Sleep - Wake up Tired 1
Stiff and Aching Muscles 1
Stress 1
Stroke 1
Weakness - Hypoglycemia 1
1 http://www.mgwater.com/benes.shtml
2 http://www.organicfacts.net/health-benefits/minerals/health-benefits-of-magnesium.html

1. " Magnesium is an important mineral that is often overlooked. In fact, up to 90 percent of Americans don't get the recommended daily allowance (RDA) of magnesium from their diet alone. This might account for the fact that the amount of magnesium people are getting has plummeted over 50 percent over the last century! If you aren't getting enough magnesium, you might be experiencing symptoms of magnesium deficiency. Symptoms can include leg cramps, migraines, fatigue, loss of appetite, depression, nausea and vomiting or high blood pressure." http://thyroid.about.com/b/2005/05/26/what-you-need-to-know-about-the-benefits-of-magnesium.htm

2. "Magnesium, a critical mineral, is used in more than 300 bodily functions, and can be obtained through foods such as spinach, oatmeal and mixed nuts. For several years experts have suggested that the quantity of magnesium in the soil has significantly decreased. This, in combination with diets low in whole grains and fresh fruits and vegetables, has led to a general deficiency in the population. Sources estimate that nearly 70 percent of Americans get inadequate doses of magnesium every day." http://purehealthmd.com/supplements/minerals/magnesium/magnesium-benefits.html

3. "As magnesium required for so many metabolic processes in the body, the exact reasons for some of its effects are not fully understood. For example, analysis of the results of preliminary research indicates that magnesium may reduce hyperactivity in children. In one trial, 50 ADHD children with low magnesium (as determined by red blood cell, hair, and serum levels of magnesium) were given 200 mg of magnesium a day for nearly six months. When compared with 25 other magnesium-deficient ADHD children, those that were given magnesium supplementation appeared to experience a decrease in hyperactive behavior. Magnesium supplementation has also been reported to improve symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) in some individuals, although intravenous injections of magnesium were necessary. However, other trials provided no compelling evidence of magnesium's ability to improve symptoms of people suffering from CFS. Diabetics tend to have lower than normal magnesium levels. Supplementation with magnesium may help diabetics to maintain adequate magnesium levels as well as improve glucose tolerance. Magnesium may also help to treat a number of other problems including bladder control in women and dehydration of red blood cells in sickle cell anemia patients." http://www.nutrasanus.com/magnesium.html

4. "Magnesium homeostasis and aging.Barbagallo M, Belvedere M, Dominguez LJ.Geriatric Unit, Department of Internal Medicine and Emergent Pathologies, University of Palermo, Italy.

Aging is very often associated with magnesium (Mg) deficit. Total plasma magnesium concentrations are remarkably constant in healthy subjects throughout life, while total body Mg and Mg in the intracellular compartment tend to decrease with age. Dietary Mg deficiencies are common in the elderly population. Other frequent causes of Mg deficits in the elderly include reduced Mg intestinal absorption, reduced Mg bone stores, and excess urinary loss. Secondary Mg deficit in aging may result from different conditions and diseases often observed in the elderly (i.e. insulin resistance and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus) and drugs (i.e. use of hypermagnesuric diuretics). Chronic Mg deficits have been linked to an increased risk of numerous preclinical and clinical outcomes, mostly observed in the elderly population, including hypertension, stroke, atherosclerosis, ischemic heart disease, cardiac arrhythmias, glucose intolerance, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus, endothelial dysfunction, vascular remodeling, alterations in lipid metabolism, platelet aggregation/thrombosis, inflammation, oxidative stress, cardiovascular mortality, asthma, chronic fatigue, as well as depression and other neuropsychiatric disorders. Both aging and Mg deficiency have been associated to excessive production of oxygen-derived free radicals and low-grade inflammation. Chronic inflammation and oxidative stress are also present in several age-related diseases, such as many vascular and metabolic conditions, as well as frailty, muscle loss and sarcopenia, and altered immune responses, among others. Mg deficit associated to aging may be at least one of the pathophysiological links that may help to explain the interactions between inflammation and oxidative stress with the aging process and many age-related diseases. PMID: 2022800 The numerous research reports that point to oxidative stress and its relationship to aging and disease is remarkable.

5. "...Results of this study show that the decrease in insulin sensitivity is not appropriately compensated by beta-cell function in individuals with hypomagnesemia; our finding suggests that hypomagnesemia could be linked to inadequate beta-cell compensation."
PMID: 19780401 Hypomagnesema is the process of magnesium levels and beta cell function is the cells production and use of insulin. Click the blue links within the quote to see definitions of them. This report clearly states insulin for type II diabetics is related to magnesiyum.

6. "...CONCLUSIONS: Even when delayed, combined treatment with mild hypothermia and magnesium has broad therapeutic potential as a practical neuroprotective strategy. It warrants further experimental investigation and presents a good case for assessment in clinical trials in treating human patients after brain ischemia.(strokes)PMID: 19372444

7. "...Low serum magnesium levels could be associated with increased risk of ischemic stroke, in part, via effects on hypertension and diabetes." PMID: 19372211

8. "Serum magnesium in patients with acute ischemic stroke.Cojocaru IM, Cojocaru M, Burcin C, Atanasiu NA."Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Clinic of Neurology, Colentina Clinical Hospital, Bucharest, Romania. mcojocar@cmb.ro

Magnesium (Mg) has important effects within the vascular system. Magnesium deficiency was shown to trigger vasoconstriction and enhance vascular endothelial injury, thus promoting the development and progression of atherosclerosis. However, it is still not completely understood whether low serum Mg also promotes the occurrence of stroke. We hereby intended to investigate Mg levels in serum in the early stage of ischemic stroke and to evaluate the relationship between serum Mg concentration and the development of neurological deficits. The study included forty patients with acute ischemic stroke (26 women and 14 men), mean age 56 +/- 4 years, without any other serious injuries. Twenty-one healthy subjects, sex- and age-matched were selected as controls. The serum Mg concentrations were measured colorimetrically on a Hitachi 917 autoanalyzer. Serum levels of Mg were checked on admission, and at 48 hours after the onset of ischemic stroke. Using NIHSS, the neurological deficit was assessed on the 1st day, and 48 hours later. Statistical analysis was performed using the Student t test. The results confirm that there is a relationship between a low Mg concentration in serum at 48 hours after onset of ischemic stroke and the intensity of the neurological deficit. Mean value was 1.39 +/- 0.213 mmol/L (on admission), 1.47 +/- 0.181 mmol/L (at 48 hours after the onset of stroke) versus 1.66 +/- 0.138 mmol/L (in controls). Severity of paresis degree was higher in the patients with low Mg levels (p < 0.05). The serum Mg concentration has been suggested to possibly affect the neurologic state. A decrease in the serum Mg concentration indicates the severity of the injury. A magnesium substitution therapy may be useful. PMID: 18333360

9. "FDA Drug Safety Communication: Low magnesium levels can be associated with long-term use of Proton Pump Inhibitor drugs (PPIs) http://www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/ucm245011.htm#Additional_Information_for Proton pump inhibitors reduce the production of acid by blocking the enzyme in the wall of the stomach that produces acid. This may stop ulcers, but it also inhibits enzymes, digestion and magnesium. Magnesium is needed to stop the very things these drugs are prescribed to treat. In other words the drughs used to treat Acid Reflux and ulsers reduces magnesium and thus can increase the problems.

List of PPI drugs
omeprazole (Prilosec),
lansoprazole (Prevacid),
rabeprazole (Aciphex),
pantoprazole (Protonix),
esomeprazole (Nexium), and
Zegarid, a rapid release form of omeprazole.

10. " One study showed that a dietary supplement containing a combination of melatonin, l-tryptophan, vitamins B6 and B12, and folic acid relieved GERD symptoms even better than the heartburn drug Prilosec. A number of other studies have shown that melatonin alone helps protect the digestive tract." http://www.webmd.com/heartburn-gerd/home-heartburn-remedies-natural-remedies-heartburn


11. Mayo Clinic; herbal tea and herbs that reduce acid reflux :http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/bile-reflux/DS00651/DSECTION=alternative-medicine

a. Chamomile, which has anti-inflammatory properties. Chamomile teas are readily available and have a low risk of side effects.
b. Licorice, which is commonly used to soothe inflammation associated with GERD, gastritis, ulcers and other digestive problems. However, licorice contains a chemical called glycyrrhizin (gly-cyr-RIH-zin) that's associated with serious health risks, such as high blood pressure and tissue swelling, if used long term. Talk with your doctor before trying this therapy. Prescription preparations are available that don't contain glycyrrhizin.
c. Slippery elm, a product of a tree bark and root, may help soothe the digestive tract. Slippery elm can be mixed with water and taken after meals and before bed. But slippery elm may decrease the absorption of prescription medications.
d. Marshmallow (Althea officinalis) is an herb — not the puffy white candy — that has been used for GERD symptom relief. Like slippery elm, marshmallow may cause problems with the absorption of medications.

 
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