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Fission Yeast, scientific name Schizosaccharomyces pombe

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1. Wikipedia "Schizosaccharomyces pombe, also called "fission yeast", is a species of yeast. It is used as a model organism in molecular and cell biology. It is a unicellular eukaryote, whose cells are rod-shaped. Cells typically measure 3 to 4 micrometres in diameter and 7 to 14 micrometres in length. Its genome, which is approximately 14.1 million base pairs, is estimated to contain 4,970 protein-coding genes and at least 450 non-coding RNAs.[1]...The sequence of the S. pombe genome was published in 2002, by a consortium led by the Sanger Institute, becoming the sixth model eukaryotic organism whose genome has been fully sequenced. This has fully unlocked the power of this organism, with many genes homologous to human disease genes being identified. In 2006, sub-cellular localization of all the proteins in S. pombe was published using green fluorescent protein as a molecular tag. S. pombe has also become an important organism in studying the cellular responses to DNA damage and the process of DNA replication. Approximately 120 natural strains of S. pombe have been isolated. These have been collected from a variety of locations including Europe, North and South America and Asia. The majority of these strains have been collected from cultivated fruits such as apples and grapes, or from the various alcoholic beverages, such as Brazilian Cachaça. It is not clear at present whether S. pombe is the major fermenter or a contaminant in such brews. The natural ecology of Schizosaccharomyces yeasts is not well studied." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schizosaccharomyces_pombe

 

 

 

 
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