1. Bitter Mellon
"Momordica charantia is a tropical and subtropical
vine of the family Cucurbitaceae, widely grown for edible
fruit, which is among the most bitter of all vegetables.
English names for the plant and its fruit include bitter
melon or bitter gourd (translated from Chinese: ??; pinyin:
kugua), and karela from the Indian name of the vegetable.
The original home of the species is not known, other than
that it is a native of the tropics. It is widely grown in
South and Southeast Asia, China, Africa, and the Caribbean.
herbs and their action mechanisms. Hui H, Tang G, Go VL.
ABSTRACT: Conventional drugs treat diabetes by improving
insulin sensitivity, increasing insulin production and/or
decreasing the amount of glucose in blood. Several herbal
preparations are used to treat diabetes, but their reported
hypoglycemic effects are complex or even paradoxical in
some cases. This article reviews recent findings
about some of the most popular hypoglycemic herbs, such
as ginseng, bitter melon and Coptis chinensis. Several popular
commercially available herbal preparations are also discussed,
including ADHF (anti-diabetes herbal formulation), Jiangtangkeli,
YGD (Yerbe Mate-Guarana-Damiana) and BN (Byakko-ka-ninjin-to).
The efficacy of hypoglycemic herbs is achieved by
increasing insulin secretion, enhancing glucose uptake by
adipose and muscle tissues, inhibiting glucose absorption
from intestine and inhibiting glucose production from heptocytes."
PMID: 19523223 (2)