The purpose of this site is to collect lab research by medical doctors about herbs that are proven to treat illnesses and counter the false attacks on herbs by the medical industry and false claims by alternative medicine. I let the science tell the facts.
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Chlorella Date Written 2007
Author Joe Holmes Date Revised 1-20-09

1. "Nutrigenomic studies of effects of Chlorella on subjects with high-risk factors for lifestyle-related disease. Mizoguchi T, Takehara I, Masuzawa T, Saito T, Naoki Y.Research and Development Department, Sun Chlorella Corporation, Kyoto, Japan.

In order to clarify the physiological effects of Chlorella intake on subjects with high-risk factors for lifestyle-related diseases, we conducted Chlorella ingestion tests on 17 subjects with high-risk factors for lifestyle-related diseases and 17 healthy subjects over a 16-week period, including a 4-week post-observation period. We conducted blood biochemical tests and analyzed gene expression profile in whole blood cells in the peripheral blood before and after Chlorella intake. We confirmed that in both groups, Chlorella intake resulted in noticeable reductions in body fat percentage, serum total cholesterol, and fasting blood glucose levels. Through gene expression analysis, we found that gene expression profiles varied with Chlorella intake and identified many genes that exhibited behavior such that after the completion of the intake period, expression levels returned to pre-intake expression ones. Among these were genes related to signal transduction molecules, metabolic enzymes, receptors, transporters, and cytokines. A difference in expression level was found between the two groups at the start of the tests, and we were able to identify genes with noticeable variance in expression level resulting from Chlorella intake in the high-risk factor group. These included genes involved in fat metabolism and insulin signaling pathways, which suggests that these pathways could be physiologically affected by Chlorella intake. There were clear variations in the expression profiles of genes directly related to uptake of glucose resulting from Chlorella intake, indicating that the activation of insulin signaling pathways could be the reason for the hypoglycemic effects of Chlorella." PMID: 18800884 (1)

2. "Immobilized microalgal cells as an oxygen supply system for encapsulated pancreatic islets: a feasibility study.
Bloch K, Papismedov E, Yavriyants K, Vorobeychik M, Beer S, Vardi P. Diabetes and Obesity Research Laboratory, Felsenstein Medical Research Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Beilinson Campus, Petah Tikva, Israel.

Recently, a novel technique for oxygen supply to immunoisolated islets, which adopts the photosynthetic capacity of microalgae to generate oxygen, has been described. Illuminated alga cells, co-immobilized with islets in one compartment, were capable of restoring glucose-stimulated insulin secretion during perifusion with anoxic medium. In the present study, a new model system for photosynthetic oxygen supply to encapsulated islets, containing two separate compartments-one for oxygen-producing alga cells and the other for insulin-secreting pancreatic islets-is described. No insulin response to increasing glucose concentrations was found when encapsulated islets alone were perifused with oxygen-free medium. However, when the perifused chamber contained not only encapsulated islets, but also illuminated algae, immobilized in alginate, the islets showed twice the amount of insulin secretion in response to a high level of glucose (P < 0.01). This finding suggests that the level of photosynthetic oxygen generated in the algal compartment was sufficient to support the functional activity of the islets. Such a technology may offer the potential application for oxygen supply to various transplanted immunoisolated cells." PMID: 16934101 (2)

3. "Improving glycogenesis in Streptozocin (STZ) diabetic mice after administration of green algae Chlorella. Cherng JY, Shih MF. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, National Chung-Cheng University, Chia-Yi, Taiwan, ROC.

Chlorella, a type of unicellular fresh water algae, has been a popular foodstuff in Japan and Taiwan. Studies have shown the hypoglycemic effects of Chlorella in alloxan-induced and Streptozocin (STZ)-induced diabetic animals. However, the mechanisms by which Chlorella treatment affects blood glucose homeostasis have not been studied. Diabetes in ICR mice was induced by injection of STZ. Lipogenesis in vivo was measured by incorporating 3H-H2O into lipids in brown and white adipose tissues. Glucose uptake in the liver and soleus muscles was measured by assaying 2-deoxy-D-[1,2-3H] glucose levels. The effects of Chlorella on serum non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) were measured with commercial assay kits. Insulin-stimulated lipogenic rates in brown and white adipose tissues were unaffected by Chlorella. However, Chlorella increased 2-deoxyglucose uptake in the livers and soleus muscles in normal and STZ mice compared to that in their respective controls (p < 0.01). In addition, fasting NEFA levels were lower in Chlorella-treated STZ mice compared to H2O-treated STZ mice (p < 0.005). The current results suggest that the hypoglycemic effects of Chlorella are due to an enhancement of glucose uptake in the liver and in soleus muscles. The improved insulin sensitivity after Chlorella treatment could be also due to lower NEFA levels, since insulin sensitivity is usually blunted by elevated NEFA in diabetes."PMID: 16289560 (3)

1 PMID: 18800884

PMID: 16934101

3 PMID: 16289560



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